HGVs Registrations SMMT News

Record zero emission truck uptake as HGV market grows for sixth quarter running

16 November 2023 #HGVs #Registrations #SMMT News
  • New heavy goods vehicle (HGV) registrations rise by 14.9% to 11,531 units in the third quarter of 2023 as pre-pandemic levels of fleet renewal continue.
  • Strong demand for rigid and articulated trucks, up 13.9% and 16.1% respectively.
  • Zero emission trucks record biggest market share of 2023 – but uptake must be accelerated if the sector’s ambitious 2035 target is to be achieved.
  • As Britain gets first-ever public HGV-dedicated charger, a national plan is needed to deliver infrastructure at depots, truck rest stops and the strategic road networks in every region.



British demand for new heavy goods vehicles (HGVs) grew by 14.9% in the third quarter of 2023 with 11,531 trucks serving purposes from supermarket deliveries to refuse collections joining Britain’s roads, according to the latest figures published today by the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT). It represents the UK’s sixth consecutive quarter of growth and the greatest number of new HGV deliveries in any quarter since the end of 2019,1 as operators invest in the latest, greenest and most efficient truck technology available. Most positively, uptake of electric and hydrogen trucks continues to rise, representing 0.8% of the market in Q3 – the largest quarterly share of 2023, compared with 0.3% and 0.4% in Q1 and Q2 respectively.

Overall growth was driven by uptake of rigid HGVs, up 13.9% to 6,293 units, while demand for articulated trucks was also strong, rising 16.1% to 5,238 units. The most popular truck body continues to be tractors, typically used for the largest delivery trucks, up 16.4% to represent some 44.5% of the market. There was also a rise in demand for box vans – slightly smaller delivery trucks – with registrations up 11.8%, while uptake of curtain-sided trucks and refuse vehicles increased by 62.5% and 16.6% respectively. Tipper registrations declined, however, down -9.7% compared with a strong third quarter in 2022.

HGV operators in every UK nation continue to make vehicle investments, the vast majority (87.7%) in England in Q3, with registrations up 13.9% to 10,109 units. Truck fleet renewal in Scotland and Wales rose by 16.5% and 9.2% respectively, while Northern Ireland saw the biggest increase, up 64.6%. The top UK region for truck investment continues to be South East England – where some of Britain’s largest ports are located – with 2,438 new HGVs entering service there, accounting for more than one in five (21.2%) registrations. North West England and the West Midlands were the second and third hottest spots for HGV renewal, registering 1,599 units and 1,445 units respectively.

In 2023 to date, truck registrations have grown by 16.4% to 34,222 units, just 5.0% below 2019 levels2 – with registrations having increased in every quarter since Q2 2022, as reducing supply chain challenges help to fulfil robust demand.

While zero emission truck uptake has reached record levels, its share is still a fraction of the entire HGV market, and the sector’s transition needs to be accelerated given its time-critical ambitions. With new registrations of non-zero emission HGVs weighing under 26 tonnes are due to end in 2035 – the same date as cars and vans – zero emission vehicles represent just one in 119 new trucks, compared with one in five new cars and one in 20 new vans. Operators need confidence to make the switch but have acute concerns over the lack of public chargepoint infrastructure, given their dependence on commercially viable logistics in order to meet tight business margins.

With Britain’s first-ever truck-dedicated public chargepoint opening in the North West last month,3 the ambition must be to deliver charging infrastructure at depots, truck rest stops and the strategic road network in every UK region – helping convert strong HGV demand into green growth for fleets of all sizes.

Mike Hawes, SMMT Chief Executive, said,

Britain’s sixth quarter of rising HGV rollout and increasing uptake of zero emission trucks this year underlines the sector’s strong position, with operators in all UK regions getting the latest fuel-efficient and very greenest models. The rate of zero emission truck uptake must increase, however, both drastically and soon – amid significant obstacles to the sector’s transition. With just one public HGV chargepoint in the UK, a national plan for public and depot infrastructure is urgently needed to make fleet decarbonisation a reality for all operators, now and in the long term.

Notes to editors

1 Q4 2019: 12,514 units.
2 Q1-Q3 2019: 36,021 units.
3 360kW charger and elongated HGV bays located at southbound Rivington Services on the M61.

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