Continued upskilling of its workforce enables the industry to stay competitive and prepare for future challenges. The number of formal training days per employee reported by signatories increased in 2017 by 23.3%, from 3 to 3.7 days. This is in addition to informal training such as e-training, ‘gate to great’ coaching, daily coaching, toolbox talks and shadowing, which is not officially measured. Signatories also reported their staff achieving 3,160 nationally recognised qualifications. In 2017, more than 700 new apprentices were taken on, while 950 from previous years were retained by signatories.